What is Yeast Infection | Definition of Yeast Infection
Yeast infection is a common type of fungal infection that places its targets on the genital area. Making the area painful, itchy, and full of discharge. It affects both men and women who get a genital yeast infection. A yeast called Candida Albicans is the most common cause of these infections.
This condition is also referred to as vaginal candidiasis because it affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. In most cases, women experience at least two episodes. Furthermore, this infection isn’t considered a sexually transmitted infection. But, there’s an increased risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity.
There’s also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact which is oral-genital sex. Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections. If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan.
Yeast Infection Causes
In most cases, the infection is caused by an organism named Candida albicans. Over the last decades, it has become very common and affects up to 75% of women at some point in their lifetime.
Yeast Infection Signs and Symptoms
The following are its symptoms:
- Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva
- A burning sensation, especially during intercourse or while urinating
- Redness and swelling of the vulva
- Vaginal pain and soreness
- Vaginal rash
- Thick, white, odor-free vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese appearance
- Watery vaginal discharge
Yeast Infection Medication | Cream
In most cases, these infections are often prescribed with over-the-counter creams or suppositories that you can buy without a prescription, especially if this isn’t the first time you’ve had a yeast infection and you recognize the symptoms. But if you get yeast infections often or they’re severe, you may need a prescription medication. You can use the following Practices:
- Antifungal Vaginal Creams
For serious and severe infections apply an antifungal vaginal cream. These usually come packaged with an applicator that helps you measure the right dose. You can get a range of similar yeast infection medications without a prescription, too. Some are creams you apply inside the vagina. Others are suppositories or vaginal tablets you place in your vagina and let dissolve.
- Clotrimazole (Lotrimin and Mycelex)
- Miconazole (Monistat and Micatin)
- Tioconazole (Vagistat-1)
- Oral Antifungal Medications
A doctor might prescribe a one-time dose of fluconazole (Diflucan) if you have a severe infection. This drug kills fungus and yeast throughout your body, so you may have minor side effects, such as stomach upset or headaches, for a short time afterward. You shouldn’t take fluconazole to treat yeast infections if you’re pregnant, because it may cause miscarriage or birth defects.
Yeast Infection Men
Although it’s very uncommon, men can also get a yeast infection by having unprotected sex with a woman with candidal vaginitis. The signs of the infection always appear as small white spots, redness, or a dry, peeling rash on the penis accompanied by itching, irritation, or burning. For those men who have not been circumcised are at an increased risk.
Yeast Infection On Skin
This is another type of Skin infection named Candidiasis of the Skin. It is mainly caused by fungi named Candida fungus as one of the potentially harmful organisms. It develops as an overgrowth of Candida on the skin thus making the infection occur.
Yeast Infection Rash
A Candidal rash affects the diaper area. It is also a Candida albicans fungus a common inhabitant of the vaginal tract and can result in itching, redness, irritation, soreness, and burning. It is also the one that identifies the feminine yeast infection.
Yeast Infection Smell
This infection always causes a thick, white, clumpy vaginal discharge that usually doesn’t smell or only smells slightly different than normal. Most of the infections lead to itching, burning, or redness in and around the vagina. Vaginal itching usually gets worse the longer you have the infection.
Yeast Infection Test
In most cases, doctors tend to use will perform a pelvic exam and take a sample of the discharge from your vagina or penis. If thrush is suspected, your health care provider will look at the infected area in the mouth and may also take a small scraping to examine under the microscope.
Yeast Infection In Dogs
For dogs, it is normally known as Yeast dermatitis is a fairly common inflammatory skin condition in pets. The condition is caused by an overgrowth of the Malassezia species of yeast, which are normal inhabitants of the skin, ears, and mucocutaneous areas. Yeast infections are particularly common in hot, humid environments
Yeast Infection Relief
There are suppositories and ointments are available as well. When shopping, look for an over the counter clotrimazole or miconazole cream. The active ingredients clotrimazole and miconazole are antifungal. Many of these yeast infection remedies also provide relief from painful symptoms like itching and burning.
Yeast Infection In Babies
For babies or infants, it is referred to as diaper rash caused by a fungus called Candida. It grows best in warm, moist places such as under a wet diaper. Infants who are taking antibiotics, or whose mothers are taking antibiotics while breastfeeding, are more likely to have a yeast diaper rash
Yeast Infection Treatment
The most recommended treatment for this infection depends on the severity and frequency of your infections. For mild to moderate symptoms and infrequent episodes the doctor recommends:
- Short-course vaginal therapy. Taking an antifungal medication for three to seven days will usually clear a yeast infection. Antifungal medications — which are available as creams, ointments, tablets, and suppositories — include miconazole (Monistat 3) and terconazole. Some of these medications are available over-the-counter and others by prescription only.
Single-dose oral medication. Your doctor might prescribe a one-time, single oral dose of fluconazole (Diflucan). Oral medication isn’t recommended if you’re pregnant. To manage more-severe symptoms, you might take two single doses three days apart.
See your doctor again if treatment doesn’t resolve your symptoms or if your symptoms return within two months.
If your symptoms are severe, or you have frequent yeast infections, your doctor might recommend:
- Long-course vaginal therapy. Your doctor might prescribe an antifungal medication taken daily for up to two weeks, followed by once a week for six months.
Multidose oral medication. Your doctor might prescribe two or three doses of an antifungal medication to be taken by mouth instead of vaginal therapy. However, this therapy isn’t recommended for pregnant women.
Azole resident therapy. Your doctor might recommend boric acid, a capsule inserted into your vagina. This medication may be fatal if taken orally and is used only to treat candida fungus that is resistant to the usual antifungal agents.
Yeast Infection Natural Remedies
The following remedies are the ones recommended to treat this infection. They include the following:
- Over-the-counter treatments. Antifungal treatments in the form of creams or pessaries can be purchased over the counter to treat yeast infections.
- Boric acid.
- Tea tree oil
- Probiotic supplements
- Natural Yogurt.
- Coconut oil. …
- Garlic. …
- Oil of oregano.
Yeast Infection Prevention
Down below are some of the lifestyle changes one can apply to prevent yeast infections. They include the following:
- Keep things clean around every environment stay. Use mild, unscented soap and water to keep your vaginal area clean.
- Choose the right underwear. Your underwear should keep your genital area dry. Cotton underwear is a good choice. Sleeping without underwear can also help.
- After using the bathroom, wipe from front to back to avoid spreading yeast or bacteria between your anus, urinary tract, or vagina.
- Don’t wear swimsuits longer than necessary. Wearing a wet swimsuit will foster the spread of yeast because it keeps things warm and wet.
- Don’t wear tight clothes. Tight-fitting clothing also keeps your genitals warm and moist.
- Change tampons and pads regularly.
- Avoid douches and any kind of perfumed sprays, powders, or tampons.
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