What is Pomegranate?
The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 10 m (16 and 33 ft) tall. The fruit is typically in season in the Northern Hemisphere from September to February, and in the Southern Hemisphere from March to May. As intact arils or juice, pomegranates are used in baking, cooking, juice blends, meal garnishes, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages, such as cocktails and wine.
The pomegranate originated in the region extending from modern-day Iran through Afghanistan and Pakistan to northern India, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region. It was introduced into Spanish America in the late 16th century and into California by Spanish settlers in 1769.
Today, it is widely cultivated throughout the Middle East and Caucasus region, north and tropical Africa, South Asia, Central Asia, the drier parts of southeast Asia, and parts of the Mediterranean Basin. It is also cultivated in parts of Arizona and California. In the 20th and 21st centuries, it has become more common in the shops and markets of Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
Pomegranates are loaded with nutrients required for optimal health. They have anti-oxidant, anti-viral, and anti-tumor properties. They are a good source of vitamins and minerals which includes vitamin A, C, E, folic acid, potassium. Some of its health benefits includes aids in diabetes treatment, reduce cancer risk, aids in weight loss, skin care, heart health among others.
Pomegranate is native to a region from modern-day Iran through Afghanistan and Pakistan to northern India. Pomegranates have been cultivated throughout the Middle East, South Asia, and Mediterranean region for several millennia, and also thrive in the drier climates of California and Arizona. Pomegranates may have been domesticated as early as the 5th millennium BC, as they were one of the first fruit trees to be domesticated in the eastern Mediterranean region.
Carbonized exocarp of the fruit has been identified in early Bronze Age levels of Jericho in the West Bank, as well as late Bronze Age levels of Hala Sultan Tekke on Cyprus and Tiryns. A large, dry pomegranate was found in the tomb of Djehuty, the butler of Queen Hatshepsut in Egypt; Mesopotamian cuneiform records mention pomegranates from the mid-third millennium BC onwards.
Waterlogged pomegranate remains have been identified at the circa 14th century BC Uluburun shipwreck off the coast of Turkey. Other goods on the ship include perfume, ivory and gold jewelry, suggesting that pomegranates at this time may have been considered a luxury good. Other archaeological finds of pomegranate remains from the Late Bronze Age have been found primarily in elite residences, supporting this inference.
It is also extensively grown in South China and in Southeast Asia, whether originally spread along the route of the Silk Road or brought by sea traders. Kandahar is famous in Afghanistan for its high-quality pomegranates. Although not native to Korea or Japan, the pomegranate is widely grown there and many cultivars have been developed. It is widely used for bonsai because of its flowers and for the unusual twisted bark the older specimens can attain. The term “balaustine” (Latin: balaustinus) is also used for a pomegranate-red color.
The ancient city of Granada in Spain was renamed after the fruit during the Moorish period and today the province of Granada uses pomegranate as a charge in heraldry for its canting arms. Spanish colonists later introduced the fruit to the Caribbean and America (Spanish America), but in the English colonies, it was less at home: “Don’t use the pomegranate inhospitably, a stranger that has come so far to pay his respects to thee,” the English Quaker Peter Collinson wrote to the botanizing John Bartram in Philadelphia, 1762. “Plant it against the side of thy house, nail it close to the wall. In this manner it thrives wonderfully with us, and flowers beautifully, and bears fruit this hot year. I have twenty-four on one tree… Doctor Fothergill says, of all trees this is most salutiferous to mankind.”
The pomegranate had been introduced as an exotic to England the previous century, by John Tradescant the elder, but the disappointment that it did not set fruit there led to its repeated introduction to the American colonies, even New England. It succeeded in the South: Bartram received a barrel of pomegranates and oranges from a correspondent in Charleston, South Carolina, 1764. John Bartram partook of “delitious” pomegranates with Noble Jones at Wormsloe Plantation, near Savannah, Georgia, in September 1765. Thomas Jefferson planted pomegranates at Monticello in 1771: he had them from George Wythe of Williamsburg.
Nutritional Value Of Pomegranate
Amount Per 100 gramsPomegranate
- Calories 83
- Fat 1.2 g – 1% RDA
- Cholesterol 0 mg
- Sodium 3 mg
- Potassium 236 mg – 6% RDA
- Carbohydrate 19 g – 6% RDA
- Dietary fiber 4 g – 16% RDA
- Sugar 14 g
- Protein 1.7 g – 3% RDA
- Vitamin C 17% RDA
- Calcium 1% RDA
- Iron 1% RDA
- Vitamin B-6 5% RDA
- Magnesium 3% RDA
In addition to vitamin C and vitamin E, pomegranate juice is a good source of folate, potassium, and vitamin K. Whether you decide to add pomegranate to your daily diet or just sip on it every now and then, check the label to ensure that it is 100 percent pure pomegranate juice, without added sugar. Or, juice it fresh.
The juice of a single pomegranate has more than 40 percent of your daily requirement of vitamin C. Vitamin C can be broken down when pasteurized, so opt for homemade or fresh pomegranate juice to get the most of the nutrient.
Pomegranate contains a high amount of vitamin E, a nutrient very beneficial for maintaining the health of the skin. A cup of fresh pomegranate juice contains 1.8 milligrams of Vitamin E or 14% of your daily recommended value.
Pomegranate is a good source of zinc, a mineral required for healthy functioning of the skin. Zinc regulates the growth of basal cells, the precursor cells that develop into mature skin tissue and assist in wound healing. Zinc also aids to activate super-oxide dismutase, an antioxidant that protects the skin from damage. One medium pomegranate provides 1.1 milligram of zinc, approximately 15% of the daily recommended value.
Pomegranate contains a decent amount of copper, a mineral needed to produce melanin. Melanin is a pigment, which that gives color to eyes, skin and hair. It also provides natural sun protection to the skin. A cup of pomegranate juice boosts your copper intake by nearly 500 micrograms, about 53% of the daily recommended value.
Pomegranate is a rich source of soluble and insoluble fiber, which aids in smooth digestion and eases bowel movements. It provides around 4 grams of fiber per 100 grams serving. Pomegranate is also suggested by the nutritionists in weight reduction programs. High fiber food keeps your body satiated for longer periods of time. In order to experience the health benefits, you need to consume one glass of juice or one medium pomegranate every day.
Selenium in pomegranate helps to kill Malassezia, a fungus, which shed dry and flaky fragments from the scalp. This helps to ward off dandruff and remove the debris from the scalp, encouraging hair growth.
Pomegranate contains high levels of iron, a nutrient required for maintaining the health of the hair. Hair that is starved from proper levels of iron may weaken and fall out. A major deficiency in iron can lead to dull and lifeless hair. It can also lead to severe hair loss. Iron improves blood circulation in the scalp, accelerating hair growth.
Magnesium in pomegranate inhibits inflammation, treating scalp conditions like dandruff, eczema and psoriasis. It also helps in ameliorating metabolic syndrome, one of the main causes premature balding in men. Stress is one of the major causes of massive hair shedding. Pomegranate contains magnesium, a mineral which reduces cortisol levels in the body.
Amazing Health Benefits of Pomegranate
1. Skin Care
Vitamin E, zinc, copper and antioxidants are all essential for a healthy skin. Zinc regulates the growth of basal cells, the precursor cells that develop into mature skin tissue and assist in wound healing.Zinc also aids to activate super-oxide dismutase, an antioxidant that protects the skin from damage. Copper is necessary mineral to produce melanin which provides protection to the skin.
2. Aids in digestion
Pomegranate helps in secretion of enzymes that helps improve the function of digestion. The fruit is also effective for treating hyperacidity. It is a rich form of alkali, which helps to neutralize acid. It is also rich in fiber which aids in smooth digestion and eases bowel movements.
3. Oral Health
Pomegranates have antibacterial and antiviral properties which help reduce the effects of dental plaque and protect against various oral diseases.
4. Heart Health
Pomegranates contains antioxidants particularly polyphenols which may block or slow down the buildup of cholesterol in the arteries. Antioxidants protect the heart by reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, also known as LDL or the “bad” cholesterol.
Research by Ahmad Esmailzadeh, published in the “International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research” in 2006, revealed that consumption of concentrated pomegranate juice may reduce total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, as well as decrease the risk of heart disease in type 2 diabetic patients who have high blood levels of fat and cholesterol.
5. Reduces Cancer Risk
Pomegranate seeds contains ellagitannins that prevent cancer cell proliferation and also induce cell death. They also help prevent skin cancer. Pomegranate seeds were also found to have chemopreventive effects against cancers of the colon and lungs.
6. Strengthens Immune system
The powerful antioxidants in pomegranate seeds strengthen the immune system. Since pomegranate is rich in nutrients, it helps combat fatigue and exhaustion. It is rich in iron and improves blood health. It also helps maintain a normal platelet count, which is crucial for recovery from diseases like dengue and malaria. Pomegranate also reduces liver injury associated with malaria.
7. Treat Kidney Stones
Pomegranates can improve kidney function and flush stones and other toxins from your system. They also lower the acidity levels of urine – and this plays a role in cutting the risk of potential kidney stones in the future.
8. Helps fight inflammation
Due to its inflammation properties it can help fight inflammation and the related inflammatory disorders. Studies have shown that the consumption of pomegranates can reduce inflammation and the oxidative damage caused by free radicals.
This anti-inflammatory property of pomegranates is further beneficial for individuals suffering from arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. They decrease the tenderness of and the pain in the joints, suppressing inflammation, and inhibiting the production of a cartilage-destroying enzyme.
9. Weight Loss
The seeds of pomegranates induces fat loss and the fiber content helps provide a fuller feeling thereby reducing appetite and snacking.
10. Aid Diabetes Treatment
Pomegranates contain ellagic, gallic, and ursolic acids which have anti-diabetic properties. The sugars in the seeds also possess unique antioxidant polyphenols that can help prevent type 2 diabetes.
Pomegranate seeds get their vibrant red hue from polyphenols. These chemicals are powerful antioxidants. Pomegranate juice contains higher levels of antioxidants than most other fruit juices. It also has three times more antioxidants than red wine and green tea. The antioxidants in pomegranate juice can help remove free radicals, protect cells from damage, and reduce inflammation.
12. Alzheimer’s disease protection
The antioxidants in the juice and their high concentration are believed to stall the progress of Alzheimer disease and protect memory.
Flavonols in pomegranate juice may help block the inflammation that contributes to osteoarthritis and cartilage damage. The juice is currently being studied for its potential effects on osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and other types of arthritis and joint inflammation.
14. Blood pressure
Drinking pomegranate juice daily may also help lower systolic blood pressure. But more studies need to be done to determine if pomegranate juice can decrease overall blood pressure in the long term.
Between the vitamin C and other immune-boosting nutrients like vitamin E, pomegranate juice can prevent illness and fight off infection. Pomegranates have also been shown to be antibacterial and antiviral in lab tests. They are being studied for their effects on common infections and viruses.
16. Sexual performance and fertility
Pomegranate juice’s concentration of antioxidants and ability to impact oxidative stress make it a potential fertility aid. Oxidative stress has been shown to cause sperm dysfunction and decrease fertility in women. The juice has also been shown to help reduce oxidative stress in the placenta. But researchers don’t yet know the exact benefits this may provide. Drinking pomegranate juice can also increase testosterone levels in men and women, one of the main hormones behind sex drive.
17. Endurance and sports performance
Move over, tart cherry and beet juice. Pomegranate juice may be the new sport performance enhancer. The juice may help reduce soreness and improve strength recovery. It also decreases oxidative damage caused by exercise.
18. Cure Stomach Disorders
Pomegranate peel, bark, and leaves are used to calm stomach disorders or diarrhea caused by any kind of digestive problems. Drinking tea made from the leaves of these fruits also helps in curing digestive problems. Pomegranate juice is also used for reducing problems like dysentery and cholera.
19. Dental Care
Pomegranates, with their antibacterial and antiviral properties, help reduce the effects of dental plaque and protect against various oral diseases.
20. Prevent Osteoarthritis
Pomegranates help reduce many illnesses, including atherosclerosis and osteoarthritis. The damage caused due to thickening and hardening of the arterial walls and in the cartilage and joints can be cured by eating these fruits. Also, pomegranates are capable of preventing the creation of enzymes that are responsible for the break down of connective tissues within the body.
21. Treat Anemia
Healthy blood flow can be maintained in the body by consuming these fruits. Pomegranates supply iron to the blood, thus helping reduce symptoms of anemia like exhaustion, dizziness, weakness, and hearing loss.
22. Treat Erectile Dysfunction
Research published in the Journal of Urology, states that pomegranate juice can be very helpful in curing erectile dysfunctions based on animal studies. Researchers from the University of California and Beverly Hills also found that pomegranate juice improved erectile dysfunctions in a sample test conducted on 61 men.
23. Aphrodisiac Properties
Many studies have shown that pomegranate juice increases the salivary testosterone, which has a positive effect on your mood and has a good effect on your genital health. It has been believed for centuries that pomegranate has properties that help increase fertility. It also helps with other sexual dysfunctions.
24. Prevents from Bacterial Infections
There are many microorganisms around us that we often fail to notice. These are responsible for infections such as Candida and other viral infections and diseases. Pomegranate seeds and pulp have antibacterial properties that help stop viruses and also helps the dental cavity stay free from germs.
25. Source of Energy
We often choose to drink energy drinks and other harmful artificial things to help us stay energetic. Pomegranate juice contains sugars and vitamins that help maintain a high level of energy throughout the day. The carbohydrates help provide a lot of energy to the body. Carbohydrates are the body’s favorite source of energy. 90% of the calories in pomegranate are from the carbohydrates present in it.
26. Wound healing
Several studies have revealed that pomegranate helps to expedite healing. The seeds contain excellent healing properties, which protect the outer layers of the skin and aid in the regeneration of the cells.
Pimples occur due to the hormonal imbalance in the body. Consuming pomegranate prevents acne by eliminating the root cause itself. It corrects the digestive issues in the body and improves blood circulation. Pomegranate contains high levels of vitamin C required for the production of sebum, an oily secretion by the sebaceous glands of the skin. Pomegranate also generates tissue in the affected area to minimize the appearance of acne scars. You can apply pomegranate extracts to the affected areas to get rid of acne.
28. Smooth skin
This fruit is well known for its high concentration of iron, a constituent part of hemoglobin that helps in the transportation of oxygen. Oxygen is carried to the skin cells, making it look fresh and young. Dip a cotton ball in pomegranate juice and swipe it across the face. This is an excellent astringent and toner, which will help to reduce the spots on the skin.
29. Facial scrub
Pomegranate for skin can also be used as a facial scrub. Mix 1 teaspoon of pomegranate seeds with a teaspoon of brown sugar, two teaspoons of honey and one teaspoon of avocado oil to make a facial scrub. Use it daily for a few minutes to remove dead skin cells and get a clean and glowing skin. You can also use the seed paste as a body scrub to remove excess oil.
30. Sun protection
UVB radiation from the sun rays is known to be the main cause of skin conditions like photo-ageing and skin cancer. Pomegranates are very useful for countering the effects of harsh sun rays. It contains sun protective compound which protects the skin against free radical damage. It contains ellagic acid, a polyphenol antioxidant, which inhibits the growth of skin cancer. Pomegranate is useful for preventing skin conditions like pigmentation and age spots. It also relieves sun burn and reduces the signs of sun damage.
The anti-ageing properties of pomegranate rejuvenate the skin, both internally and externally. The super-food protects the skin from premature ageing by reducing the signs of ageing caused by constant exposure to the sun. It helps to maintain the collagen and keeps it healthy for a longer period of time. Collagen is the basic component of the skin, which maintains the elasticity and firmness of the skin. Pomegranates contain certain compounds, which prevent the breaking down of collagen and keep the skin healthy. It also helps in the growth of fibroblasts, the cells that produce elastin and collagen. This ensures that the skin remains soft and supple. Thus, applying pomegranate oil on the skin slows down the formation of wrinkles and other signs related to ageing.
32. Dry skin:
Pomegranate is a boon for dry skinned beauties. Pomegranate seeds have a small molecular structure, which makes it easy to penetrate into the skin and hydrate it from within. It soothes dry and flaky skin and prevents moisture loss.
Pomegranate contains punicic acid, which keeps the bacteria at bay and ensures that the skin remains moist and healthy throughout the day.
34. Skin inflammation
Pomegranate is very beneficial for treating the skin inflammation. It is better than any over the counter ointment available. It contains polyphenols and several compounds, which help to heal small cuts and wounds. Consume pomegranates or apply its extracts on the affected areas to ensure that the skin heals quickly.
Pomegranate is very effective for treating piles. The fruit should be consumed every morning by adding a pinch of salt. This should be taken for three months daily. You can also take the fruit with honey. Take one teaspoon of dried pomegranate rind powder and mix it with buttermilk to arrest bleeding piles.
36. Prostate cancer
Pomegranates have been found to reduce prostate specific antigen. The juice of pomegranate inhibits the growth of cancer cells and lowers the risk of metastasizing. The high phytochemicals in the pomegranate juice have a strong effect on stabilizing the growth of PSA in men.
37. Breast cancer
Pomegranates contain ellagitannin, an antioxidant which prevents estrogen responsive breast cancer cells from growing. It also inhibits aromatase that is used to create estrogen, thereby, reducing the risk of breast cancer.
38. Treats Menstrual Bleeding:
Take 1 teaspoon of pomegranate peel powder twice daily to control excessive menstrual bleeding.
39. Aid for Excessive Urination:
If you’re suffering from excessive urination, take 5 grams of pomegranate peel powder with water twice a day.
40. Astringent Gargle:
You can also use pomegranate peel to make an astringent gargle for sore throat. Soak pomegranate peel in hot water and use the water to gargle.
How To Prepare Pomegranate Peel Powder?
Take the peel of the pomegranate and discard the white membrane, as it is bitter in taste. Then leave it in high sunlight for 2 days. You can also dry the peels in a brass plate, near a smouldering stove. Grind the peel in a food processor or mortar and pestle to make a fine powder. Store the powder in an airtight container, away from sunlight, to preserve its antioxidant content.
Selection And Storage Of Pomegranate
Pomegranate is available from September to early January. They are picked and shipped ripe, so that they can be consumed at the time of purchase. Pomegranate is available in many forms, which include: pomegranate fruit, pomegranate juice, and pomegranate syrup and pomegranate molasses.
The pomegranate fruit develops a distinctive color and sounds like a metal when tapped with finger. The fruit should be plump and round and slightly heavy for their size. It should be purchased before maturity lest the seed becomes hard and inedible. Large pomegranates are best for extracting juice.
While purchasing pomegranate, choose the ones that look fresh, are bright in color and have a smooth skin. The fruit should be free from cuts, mold and bruises, especially the crown. Avoid purchasing pomegranates that have noticeable cracks in their skin. This is a sign that the fruit is picked too late. You can store pomegranates in a cool, dark and dry place or in the refrigerator. They last for more than a month if stored in a cool and dry area. They don’t have a long shelf life. The seeds can be frozen in an airtight bag or container for almost a year. Fresh juice, syrup and molasses should be stored in the refrigerator. Juice should be consumed within two days of purchase, while syrup and molasses can be stored for more than 6 months. Consume a cut pomegranate within two days as the flesh deteriorates quickly once the fruit is opened.
It may seem daunting at first to extract the arils, as pomegranate rind doesn’t come off easily like other fruits. Cut the crown or the calyx of the fruit and make a vertical incision in the tough skin. Then make another two cuts and slice it evenly into four parts. Then break the sections apart, separating the arils from the membranes. Use your fingers to remove the arils from the sections.
To juice pomegranate, blend the arils in the juicer and squeeze the juice over a sieve. Discard the seeds and consume the juice.
Pomegranate syrup is more versatile than the juice. It is used to prepare sauces, marinades and for salad dressing for its thick texture and intense flavor.
Take out the pomegranate fruit from cold storage and wash pomegranate fruit in cold water or rinse it in tepid water to bring it back to the normal temperature.
The most important thing to remember while preparing or peeling pomegranate is to wear old clothes as the juice stain are stubborn and do not wash off easily.
- Pomegranate, with its glistening red seeds and dark red juice, provides a unique taste to salads, soups, marinades, dessert and beverages.
- To experience the rich taste of pomegranate, eat the fresh fruit without any addition. If you’re feeling hungry between meals, grab a pomegranate instead of binging on a packet of chips. Pomegranate juice is a refreshing treat at any time of the year. While making pomegranate juice, choose the largest and heaviest fruit.
- Pomegranate juice is also used in the preparation of soups, jellies, sorbet, soups, cakes and baked apples.
- Pomegranate juice is used as a glaze or syrup in meat preparation. For pomegranate glaze, all you have to do is simmer pomegranate juice and use this glaze for your meat before placing them in the oven.
- Kick start your day on a healthy note by preparing a smoothie. Mix half cup of pomegranate juice with some berries and 2 teaspoons of yoghurt. Blend it thoroughly to make a tasty beverage.
- Pomegranates make a great garnish, be it in raita, salads or sweets. The sweet and tangy taste of pomegranate makes it a perfect complement to vegetable salad and snacks. They glisten like little rubies and dress up any salad. Just sprinkle a few pomegranate arils in your favorite salad. You can also add a handful of pomegranate arils to your breakfast cereals for a healthy and nutritious breakfast.
- Pomegranate tea tastes great and offers an array of health benefits. Pomegranate tea is found in different forms like white pomegranate tea, Echinacea pomegranate tea and many more. The tea has a strong astringent and tangy taste, which can be slightly overwhelming in the first sip.
- Roasted pomegranate chicken is a favorite amongst Europeans. It infuses the chicken with sweet and tangy flavor and is very easy to prepare.
- Pomegranate is extensively used to prepare traditional Persian recipes like rice pilaf, fesenjan- made with pomegranate juice and ground walnuts and delicious pomegranate soup. Pomegranate concentrate is a popular item used in Middle Eastern cuisine.
- Pomegranate fruit parfait is the perfect dessert to complement any meal. It combines the tartness of pomegranate with the juice of papaya and orange. Sprinkle some nuts into the parfait for a healthy treat. You can also sprinkle pomegranate arils on frozen yoghurt, ice cream and sorbet.
- Grind some pomegranate seeds with roasted onion, red bell peppers, walnuts and olive oil. Season it with salt and pepper to make a tasty dip. You can serve this dip with crackers and nachos.
- Pomegranate granita, also known as Italian sorbet is a tasty and healthy dessert you can prepare. Skip the herbs and top the stir fried veggies with fresh pomegranates arils instead. They taste amazing with roasted carrots and srussels sprouts salad.
Benefits Of Pomegranate Juice (Anar Ka Ras) For Skin, Hair And Health
Pomegranate is a thick skinned super seedy fruit, with a brilliant red hue which is now touted as a wonder fruit by scientific researchers. The name pomegranate derives from the French word “pomegranate” or seeded apple. They are believed to have originated in Iran and brought to Egypt in 1600 BC, where it was not only revered as an important food source but was also widely used for its medicinal value. It was held in high esteem even during those times, as it is evident by their depiction in Egyptian paintings and tombs. Inspired by the abundance of jewel toned seeds within the bright red rind, pomegranate is considered to be a symbol of fertility and prosperity in some cultures.
Pomegranate Juice – A Superfood For Good Skin, Hair And Health:
Drinking pomegranate juice benefits our health and skin in a myriad of ways. It is one of the few fruits whose juice is as beneficial as the fruit itself. This is because the peel contains the maximum amount of antioxidants which are released in abundance when the fruit is squeezed while juicing. It is currently ranked alongside blue berries and green tea for its nutritional benefits.
Some people might find it a bit cumbersome to deal with the little seeds, which is why, extracting its juice is the best way to utilize the benefits of pomegranate juice. Drinking it allows for a quick and easy assimilation of all the nutrients found in the bloodstream by the body. In comparison to other fruits, pomegranates contain the maximum amount of anti-oxidants. It contains approximately 3 times more antioxidants than green tea and oranges.
Freshly squeezed pomegranate juice, being completely unprocessed, triumphs over packaged juice any day, as it retains the maximum number of vitamins. Make sure that the juice is unsweetened as sugar being inflammatory can counteract some of the health benefits of this fruit.
Nutritional Value Of Pomegranate Juice
Pomegranate is a great source of ellagic acid, and antioxidant and punicic acid, an omega 5 polyunsaturated fatty acid which is highly beneficial for cell regeneration and proliferation. The juice of this fruit is an exceptional source of vitamin A, C and E and minerals such as calcium, phosphorous, potassium, iron, folic acid, niacin, thiamin, folates and riboflavin.
|ORAC VALUE 2341 ΜMOL TE/100 G. NUTRITION VALUE PER 100 G.
(SOURCE: USDA NATIONAL NUTRIENT DATA BASE)
|PRINCIPLE||NUTRIENT VALUE||PERCENTAGE OF RDA|
|Total Fat||1.17 g||6%|
|Dietary Fiber||4 g||11%|
|Pantothenic acid||0.135 mg||3%|
|Vitamin A||0 IU||0%|
|Vitamin C||10.2 mg||17%|
|Vitamin E||0.60 mg||4%|
|Vitamin K||16.4 µg||14%|
Health Benefits of Pomegranate Juice
Pomegranate has been used for medicinal purposes in the middle and Far East regions for over thousands of years. It was used as a tonic to heal ailments like ulcers and diarrhea. The juice of pomegranate contains antioxidants like anthocyanin and ellagic acid, compounds like gallic acids, and flavonoids like quercetin which offer protection from diabetes, heart diseases, osteoarthritis and several kinds of cancer.
1. Pomegranate Juice Improves Your Heart Health:
Pomegranate juice can have a great impact on health, particularly on the health of the heart, by keeping the arteries flexible and decreasing the inflammation in the lining of the blood vessels. It is known to reduce atherosclerosis, which is one of the leading causes of heart disease. It lowers the risk of blockage in the arteries which can cause a restriction in the flow of blood to the heart and brain. In other words it has an anti-atherogenic effect on the heart. It lowers the amount of LDL or bad cholesterol that is retained in the body and increases the amount of good cholesterol or HDL.
2. Pomegranate Juice Maintains Your Blood Sugar Levels:
Although pomegranate juice contains fructose, it does not elevate the blood sugar levels as other fruit juices do. Studies have shown that there was no significant increase in the blood sugar level of diabetic patients who drank this juice daily for a period of 2 weeks.
3. Pomegranate Juice Maintains Your Blood Pressure:
Pomegranates are also known to reduce high blood pressure. The juice reduces lesions and the inflammation of blood vessels in heart patients. It is a natural aspirin, which keeps the blood from coagulating and forming blood clots. It even acts as a blood thinner allowing for an unrestricted flow of blood through the body.
4. Pomegranate Juice Reduces Risk Of Cancer:
Pomegranate juice eliminates free radicals from the body and inhibits the growth and development of cancer and other diseases. Its high contents of anti- oxidants stimulate the white blood cells to neutralize toxins in the body thereby promoting a strong and healthy immune system. Pomegranate is believed to induce apoptosis, a process where the cells destroy themselves. Daily intake of a glass of pomegranate juice can slow down the growth of cancerous cells in prostate cancer. Moreover it appears to block aromatase, an enzyme that converts androgen to estrogen, a hormone which plays a crucial role in the development of breast cancer.
5. Pomegranate Juice Helps In Treating Diarrhoea And Dysentery:
Pomegranate juice is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery as it plays a vital role in the secretion of enzymes which aids proper digestion. Mixing 1 teaspoon of honey in a glass of pomegranate juice is sure to cure indigestion problems.
6. Pomegranate Juice Boosts Your Immunity:
Pomegranate juice has strong anti-bacterial and anti-microbial properties which help fight viruses and bacteria and boost our immunity system. It significantly reduces microbes that are found in the mouth commonly responsible for cavities and staph infections. Its anti-microbial properties make it an inhibitor of HIV transmission. Out of all the fruits, pomegranate has the highest potential to inhibit the transmission of HIV.
7. Pomegranate Juice Prevents Anaemia:
Anaemia is a condition caused by the deficiency of red blood cells in the body. Since pomegranate juice contains ample amount of iron it helps in surmounting the red blood cell deficiency in the body. Mixing some candied sugar in pomegranate juice and introducing a couple of drops in the nostrils is a quick fix to control nose bleeds. It is an excellent remedy for red or sore eyes and falling eye lashes.
8. Pomegranate Juice Helps With Digestion:
Pomegranate juice aids in the smooth functioning of the stomach, heart and liver. This juice induces hunger and can even control thirst. Therefore it is a great choice of drink during summers. It also soothes urinary tract infection and eases the flow of urine. The high amount of dietary fiber, both soluble and insoluble in pomegranate juice helps to improve digestion and regulate bowel movement. Since it has no saturated fats or cholesterol, it is highly recommended for those aiming to lose weight.
9. Pomegranate Juice Helps In Cartilage Regeneration:
Pomegranate juice acts as an inhibiter on enzymes that are responsible for damaging the cartilage. It is therefore highly recommended for patients suffering from osteoarthritis, a chronic condition characterized by the breakdown of the joint’s cartilage. Studies conducted have proved the application of this juice to reduce deterioration of the cartilage. Unsweetened pomegranate juice relieves symptoms of arthritis and bone inflammation. A regular intake of this juice may curb the onset of neurological problems like Alzheimer disease. It is also known to dissolve kidney stones and cures erectile dysfunction in men.
10. Pomegranate Juice Is Beneficial During Prenatal Care:
Pomegranate juice is extremely beneficial for pregnant women. It is a great source of a number of vitamins and minerals including folic acid which is a crucial element of a pre natal diet. The anti-inflammatory property of pomegranate juice ensures a healthy blood flow, which is essential for the overall development of the foetus. The potassium content in this juice can also help prevent leg cramps that are generally associated with pregnancy. When consumed regularly by expectant mothers, it is known to lower the risk of premature child birth or birth of babies with low birth weight.
Skin Benefits of Pomegranate Juice:
Pomegranate juice, can be a secret potion to get a healthy, vibrant and youthful skin.
11. Pomegranate Juice Is An Excellent Anti-Aging Agent:
A diet high in pomegranate juice can help to slow down the process of ageing by reducing wrinkles and fine lines caused by constant exposure to sun. It also helps to sustain the regeneration of the skin cells and prevents hyper pigmentation and occurrence of dark spots.
12. Pomegranate Juice Suits All Skin Types:
Pomegranate juice works wonders for dry skin. Its small molecular structure penetrates deeply into the skin to provide ample moisturisation and hydration to the skin. Thus it soothes dry and irritated skin. Its content of punicic acid, an omega 3 fatty acid keeps the skin constantly hydrated by sealing in the moisture. Pomegranate juice is beneficial for oily and pimple prone skin too. Application of pomegranate juice on oily skin prevents the outbreak of pimples and controls the production of sebum.
13. Pomegranate Juice Helps In Healing Scars:
Pomegranate helps in the regeneration of cells in the epidermal and dermal layers of the skin. It has an ability to hasten the process of healing of wounds. Even the oil of pomegranate seeds is loaded with skin friendly nutrients which are beneficial for the strengthening and regeneration of the epidermis. It also protects the skin from sun burns and heals the damage caused to the skin due to constant exposure to the sun.
14. Pomegranate Juice Improves Your Skin Texture:
Pomegranates are also known to extend the life of fibroblasts which are responsible for the production of collagen and elastin that tighten the skin and prevent the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. Collagen and elastin provide strength and support to the skin. When the fibers of collagen and elastin break down, the skin develops laxity which causes wrinkles and jowls. Pomegranate is also very useful for lightening the skin tone. Drinking a glass of pomegranate juice daily gives a fair and glowing skin tone.
15. Pomegranate Face Mask For Glowing Skin:
Mix 1 teaspoon each of powdered green papaya, grape seed oil, and grape seed extract with 2 teaspoons of pomegranate juice and apply it on the face. Leave it on for about an hour and wash it off with lukewarm water. You can also use a cotton ball to apply pomegranate juice directly on the face after cleansing.
16. Pomegranate Juice Prevents Skin Cancer:
Pomegranate contains anthocyanins and hydrolysable tannins which possess strong anti-oxidant and anti-tumor promoting properties. When applied directly on the skin, ellagic acid, a polyphenol antioxidant found in pomegranates inhibits the growth of cancer of the skin.
Hair Benefits Of Pomegranate Juice:
17. Pomegranate Juice Prevents Hair Fall:
Drinking pomegranate juice regularly strengthens the hair follicles which in turn prevent hair fall, thus giving the hair a healthy and lustrous appearance.
Some Precautions To Be Exercised:
- Pomegranate juice is not recommended for people suffering from influenza, cough, and constipation or for those with a phlegmatic condition.
- Pomegranate juice has certain antioxidants that lower the blood pressure. Therefore, consumption of this juice in combination with medication prescribed to lower blood pressure can result in a condition with dangerously low blood pressure, known as hypotension.
- People with certain plant allergies and asthma are always at a greater risk of developing an allergic reaction to this fruit. General allergic reactions include, vomiting, red itchy eyes, hives and difficulty in breathing.
- Just like grapefruits, pomegranate is also known to interfere with some medicines, particularly those to lower cholesterol levels known as statins. It can also interfere with antidepressants, medication for AIDS and narcotic pain relievers.
- Drinking one glass of pomegranate juice is all that is needed to experience the advantages of pomegranate juice. It is never too late to add this miracle juice to your daily diet plan as the amount of benefits that you would reap definitely outweighs the drawbacks.
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